New MiFID II rules will come in force soon: 3rd January 2018

Financial services companies doing business across the European Union are preparing and implementing changes as per the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID). Any business with EU subsidiaries or operations in the investment services field is likely to be affected by MiFID II.

Tera Europe Limited conducting an FCA regulated business is required to comply with MiFID II and as such will be in touch with its clients to communicate updates to its Terms of business in line with new regulations. The new regulatory framework aims at strengthening investor protection and improving the functioning of the financial markets. Efficiency, resilience and transparency are the focus areas of the new legislation.

What is MiFID II?

The Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) is the framework of European Union (EU) legislation for services to clients linked to ‘financial instruments’ and the venues where those instruments are traded.

MiFID was applied in the UK from November 2007, but is now being revised to improve the functioning of financial markets in light of the financial crisis and to strengthen investor protection.

The first 2007 version of MiFID was applied solely to equity markets, whereas MiFID II applies to “non-equity products” as well, such as cash and derivative products in fixed income, FX and commodities.

The changes are currently set to take effect from 3 January 2018, with the new legislation being known as MiFID II — this includes a revised MiFID 2014/65/EU and a new Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (EU) No. 600/2014 (MiFIR).

It is expected that MiFID II will impact FX operations at financial firms and corporations globally. European regulators don’t have direct influence on firms domiciled outside of the EU, but it’s anticipated that European firms, in order to be MiFID II compliant, will demand additional disclosures and reports from their non-EU counterparts.

What MiFID II means for Tera Europe Limited & Clients?

The level of change in operation and firm’s functions will depend upon the business model and the country, some firms will need to make more significant changes than others. MiFID II has very broad requirements, from transparency reporting to demonstrating best execution and archiving communications. Some obligations could extend beyond EU shores.

The key requirements for Tera Europe Limited and its Clients will include:

  1. Client Classifications - National Client Identifiers

All clients of financial service providers, including clients Tera Europe Limited must be identified using the most appropriate National Client Identifier (NCI).

To meet this requirement under MiFID II Tera Europe Limited will request its clients to disclose their nationality and dual nationalities if applicable. Tera Europe Limited will also require a copy of corresponding National Client Identifier(s), which should be sent by the Client in order to continue trading.

If you are outside of the EU / EEA and do not have NCI in your country, Tera Europe Limited will require a copy of your valid passport.

Please note across the world and EU a National Client Identifier (NCI) could be called differently, refer to National Client Identifier Table below or contact us using details provided on the contact us page.

National Client Identifier Table


UK National Insurance Number


Belgian National Number - Numéro de registre national – Rijksregisternummer


Bulgarian Personal Number


Personal Identification Number - Osobni identifikacijski broj (OIB)


National Passport Number

Czech Republic

National Identification Number - Rodné číslo


Personal Identify Code - CPR


Personal Identification Code - Isikukood


Personal Identity Code


Personal ID - 10 DSS digit investor share


Personal Identify Code - Kennitala


Fiscal Code - Codice fiscale


Personal code - Asmens kodas


National Identity Card Number -Personenidentifikationsnummer (PEID)


Personal code - Asmens kodas


National Identification Number


National Identity Card Number - Persoonsnummer


Personal ID - Foedselsnummer


Poland - PESEL / Numer identyfikacji podatkowej Or Tax Number (Numer identyfikacji podatkowej)


Tax Number - Número de Identificação Fiscal


National Identification Number - Cod Numeric Personal


Personal Number - Rodné číslo


Personal Identification Number - EMŠO: Enotna Matična Številka Občana


Tax identification number - Código de identificación fiscal


Personal Identify Number - Personnummer

  1. Communications recording

MiFID II requires firms to keep extensive records of all transactions, communications, services and activities for 10 years, in order for them to be able to provide transparency into the trade life cycle. This is to support trade reconstruction if required.

As such please be advise that Tera Europe Limited is improving its existing systems and that that all relevant communications between you and Tera Europe Limited will be recorded and stored securely within its systems and facilities as per the General Data Protection Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2016/679) or any successor law enacted in England and Wales (“Data Protection Laws”).

  1. Conflicts of interest

MiFID II now requires firms to consider all risks in conflict of interest, rather than just “material risk” as is currently the case.

In this respect Tera Europe Limited reviewing its existing procedures ensures they are sufficiently robust and expanding them as necessary and focusing even more on “prevent or manage” processes rather than disclosure.

  1. Best execution

MiFID II investment firms will be required to take all sufficient steps to obtain, when executing orders, the best possible result for their clients – taking into account price, costs, speed, likelihood of execution and settlement, size, nature or any other relevant consideration. Currently, MiFID only requires firms to take all reasonable steps to obtain the best result for their clients. The difference means that firms should take a systematic approach and monitor all trades.

  1. Enhanced transaction reporting

The requirements to report transactions under MiFID II will become both more wide-ranging and prescriptive in comparison with MiFID. It is also worth noting that the relevant requirements are present in MiFIR, which is directly applicable in all the Member States of the EU.

MiFID II extends transaction reporting requirements to all financial instruments traded in the EU, which will need to be reported to approved reporting mechanisms (ARMs) or the client’s National Competent Authority.

Requirement of LEI for corporate clients

Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) is a unique identifier associated with a single legal entity which provides consistent identification of parties to financial transactions. Tera Europe Limited will request LEI’s from its corporate clients which is a legal requirement as of 3rd Jan 2018. If corporate client cannot provide LEI Tera Europe Limited will stop the account.

LEIs are mandated by European Market infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) and MiFID II. For more information on LEI please contact us or visit https://www.fca.org.uk/markets/mifid-ii/legal-entity-identifier-lei-update .

Does Brexit matter for MiFID II?

No. The UK will still be a member of the EU on January 3, 2018, so firms must comply with the changes to UK laws and regulations. Moreover, when the UK leaves the EU, the current plan is for MiFID II (and other European legislation) to continue to apply until further consideration. It is likely that even at such later date the FCA will either adopt its provisions, or substantially similar rules.

Have questions or unsure about MiFID II

Contact us via

Phone: +44 20 7073 0494

Email: compliance@terafx.co.uk

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